Surveying» open the printable degree» search for more Areas of Study
Surveying is concerned with the collection via measurement, analysis, management and sharing of spatial data describing space, the earth, its physical features and the built environment. Combining academic studies and real-life projects, the Surveying program aims to produce graduates that have skills that are sought after by industry.
Surveyors can be involved in a range of applications:
Mapping and photogrammetry: the art and science of creating, using and interpreting maps, various imagery and photographs in both digital and hardcopy form, for purposes ranging from creating new maps to forensic science.
Spatial Data systems: development of technology to enhance the collection, manipulation analysis and display of spatial data (e.g. Geographic Information Systems (GIS): layers of spatially interrelated maps, 3D models, graphs and diagrams)
GPS Satellite Surveying and Satellite Imagery: the use of satellites in full constellation to locate information for the production of maps or geographic information systems, monitor movements and determine positions on earth.
Land Surveying (Cadastral Surveying): relates to definition of land property boundaries, involving surveys to determine the design of new residential sub-divisions, surveys that define roads, sewers, landscaping and other aspects of the existing built environment, and surveys that define existing property boundaries.
Engineering Surveying: surveys for the design and construction of large project works such as freeways, railways, roads, airports, high rise buildings etc.
Hydrographical Surveying and Charting: involves the measurement and mapping of areas covered by water for projects such as exploration, piping or environmental research
Mining Surveying: involves surveys for mining exploration purposes such as the location of drilling rigs, the mapping of geological formations, the delineation of mining lease boundaries, the determination of volumes of ore bodies, determination of volumes of ore being extracted and continuous updating of the mining operations systems.
Environmental Management: involves monitoring and mapping of existing environments to provide impact statements to a wide range of applications forestry, farming, vegetation and land cover studies, ecological studies, global warming, etc.
The surveying degree is recognised by the Board of Surveying and Spatial Information of NSW and the reciprocating boards of surveyors in Australia and New Zealand. This qualification can lead to registration through Australia and New Zealand. On completion of the degree students are entitled to membership of the Institution of Surveyors, NSW and its affiliated national and international organisations.
For more information about Surveying, visit the School of Engineering site.
Further Study Options
Some occupations require a higher level of completed study than an undergraduate degree, and for this reason it is worthwhile considering the range of Honours, Research Higher Degrees (RHD), Postgraduate Coursework and additional study options available. These options may also be useful for specialising in a particular area, or to stimulate career change. Some of the future options following a degree in Surveying include:
Honours is awarded on the basis of superior performance throughout the program.For more information, see Bachelor of Surveying (Honours).
As the global job sector can be competitive, it is of great advantage to complete a postgraduate qualification, particularly by independent research (such as Masters by Research, or PhD). See examples of research areas within the University’s school of engineering here.
After completing a degree there are a broad range of postgraduate options available in a variety of fields which can allow you to specialise in a particular area of interest or build upon your existing knowledge base. To explore such options please visit the Postgraduate Handbook at http://www.newcastle.edu.au/program/postgraduate/
The sample job titles listed include a range of opportunities for graduates at degree, honours and postgraduate study levels.
- Cadastral Surveyor/ Land Surveyor/ Geomatics Surveyor
- Cartographer / Spatial Information Technician/ Land Information Officer
- Engineering Surveyor
- Forensic scientist
- General Manager
- Geodetic Surveyor
- Geographic Information System Officer/Analyst
- Geographic Information Systems Officer (Analyst)/ Land Information Systems Officer/ Spatial Information Systems Officer/ Spatial Information Systems Technician/ Surveying Technologist
- Geospatial Analyst
- Specialist Programs
- Hydrographic Surveyor
- International Aid/Development Worker
- Irrigation Engineer
- Mine surveyor
- Urban/Regional Planner
- Property Developer
- Registered Surveyors
- Remote Sensing Scientist / Remote Sensing Analyst / Geospatial Intelligence Scientist / Radar Scientist / Spectral scientist / Signal Intelligence Scientist
- Research Scientist
- Spatial Scientist
- Survey Assistant / Surveyor's Field Assistant /Survey Hand
- Surveying Technician /Surveying Associate
- University Lecturer / Academic
- Urban designer
Below are some sample job titles that may be suitable to a student, to increase your experience in the industry:
- Spatial Information Technician
- Survey Assistant
- Survey Hand
- Surveying Technician
- Surveyor's Field Assistant
Getting the Edge
Most employers seek to recruit people who have relevant work experience and an appreciation for their industry. Here is a check list of ideas about gaining experience and industry knowledge.
- Check the type of experience most employers in your field of interest expect. Don’t overlook the part time work you may be currently doing. Most employers understand that the skills are transferrable even if the work is not in their industry.
- Check your academic program for any courses that involve a placement or the opportunity to undertake an industry based project.
- Check your school for Summer Scholarships for research opportunities.
- Check vacancy sites for advertised traineeships, part time employment and vacation work opportunities in your field.
- Source and approach organisations directly about possible work shadowing or information interview opportunities.
- Source and approach organisations directly for paid work opportunities.
- Consider volunteering.
Note: Gaining experience may be important but not at the expense of your studies. Make sure you do not overload your timetable with unrealistic work commitments.
Surveying employment opportunities exist in a wide variety of industries within small, medium and large organisations. Below is an example of some major organisations which formally target graduates with qualifications in Surveying.
Check employers’ websites for a section called Employment, Careers, Graduate Programs or similar titles. Some of these employers may offer vacation work opportunities.
- AAMHatch (International)
- Abigroup (Australia)
- Advanced Spatial Technologies (Australia)
- Anglo Coal (International)
- ANZ (Australia)
- AusAID (International)
- Australian Antarctic Division (Australia)
- Australian Hydrographic Service (Australia)
- Baulderstone (Australia)
- BHP Billiton (Australia)
- Centennial Coal (Australia)
- CPG (International)
- CR Kennedy and Company Pty Ltd (Australia)
- CSIRO (Australia)
- Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation (DIGO) (Australia)
- Department of Defence (Australia)
- Department of Infrastructure (DOI) (Australia)
- Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government (Australia)
- EarthTech (International)
- ER Mapper (International)
- ESRI Australia (Australia)
- Fugro Spatial Solutions Pty Ltd (Australia)
- Geoscience Australia (Australia)
- Hunter Water (Australia)
- John Holland Group (Australia)
- Leica Geosystems (International)
- Listech (International)
- MapInfo Australia (International)
- Newcrest Mining (International)
- NSW Department of Commerce (Australia)
- NT Dept of Planning and Infrastructure (Australia)
- Peabody (International)
- PhotoMapping Services Pty Ltd (International)
- Roads and Traffic Authority (NSW) (Australia)
- Sinclair Knight Merz (International)
- SM Urban Consulting Group (Australia)
- Spatial Vision Innovations (Australia)
- Survey 21 (Australia)
- Sydney Water (Australia)
- Taylors Development Strategists Pty Ltd (International)
- Thiess (Australia)
- Xstrata (Australia)
Some large organisations have specific graduate recruitment programs designed to employ the pick of graduates each year. You must be in your final year of study or recently completed to apply for these programs. The timing of these recruitment drives varies and may occur at any point in the academic year, in some cases starting as early as the first few weeks of the first semester or trimester.
Find out if employers in your area/s of interest have graduate programs, when they typically recruit and what recruitment methods they use. Check with the Careers Service .
Job Prospects and Salary
For up-to-date information please see Job Outlook Australia. This site provides basic Australian labour market information including job prospects, skills requirements and salaries. You might try some of the classifications below as a guide on this site.
The Bachelor of Surveying is accredited by the Institute of Surveyors Australia and is recognised by international affiliate bodies.
Societies and Associations
Associations and societies often provide relevant and up to date information about a variety of issues relating to specific industry sectors. These can be a good starting point to learn more about occupations through profiles, industry news, links to academic journals and information on research developments. Many also offer student membership, conference and professional development activities, newsletters and the opportunity to participate in projects.
- AIMS - Australian Institute of Mine Surveyors Limited (Australia)
- Association of Consulting Surveyors NSW (Australia)
- Board of Surveying and Spatial Information (Australia)
Don’t overlook student societies and associations. As well as student chapters of professional associations, some faculties or schools have discipline based student associations. Check your school or faculty web site; perhaps you might start one if one doesn’t exist.
Some academic disciplines run Seminar Programs that involve regular seminars presented by University of Newcastle academics, visiting academics and postgraduate students. Check your schools website for the timetable.
Job Search Sites
Searching job sites is a good way to gain an understanding of: industries recruiting professionals in this field; types of roles and the requirements or expectations of employers for these roles. There are many online job search sites, here are a few to start with:
Australian and International
- CareerHub: the University of Newcastle Careers Service careers and job search site for enrolled students and graduates.
- CareerOne: Australia wide job listings, all levels and industries including executive positions
- MyCareer: Australian and international listings
- Seek: comprehensive Australian job listings, also includes New Zealand and UK listings
- The Big Chair: Management and Executive Jobs
Graduate Attributes and Employability
Graduate attributes for the Bachelor of Surveying are the necessary skills, abilities and knowledge required to become a professional engineer. Below is the complete list of attributes that graduates will have demonstrated upon the completion of the degree.
- A sound knowledge of engineering fundamentals and the sciences which underpin them.
- An in-depth technical competence in at least one of the engineering specialisations.
- The necessary skills to apply technologies and resources in engineering problem solving.
- An appreciation of the broad range of issues which impact on the Engineering domain as a component of our society.
- An ability to undertake problem identification, formulation and solution.
- An understanding of social, cultural, global and environmental responsibilities and the need to employ principles of sustainable development.
- An ability to utilise a systems approach to complex problems and to design and operation performance.
- A proficiency in Engineering Design.
- An ability to conduct an engineering project.
- An understanding of the business environment and the ability to employ business principles within engineering projects.
- An ability to communicate effectively, with the engineering team and with the community at large.
- An ability to manage information and documentation.
- A capacity for creativity and innovation.
- Understanding of professional and ethic responsibilities and a commitment to them.
- An ability to function effectively as an individual and in multidisciplinary and multicultural teams, as a team leader or manager as well as an effective team member.
- A capacity for lifelong learning and professional development.
- The ability to demonstrate the knowledge, skills and attitudes of a professional engineer.
You will recognise these attributes in the selection criteria listed in the following job ads.
Sample Job Ads & Tips
Job ads provide useful information about the job and the required skills, experience and qualifications. Information like this is useful in career planning. Below is a small sample of job ads with tips on planning and job applications; explore further to gather more useful information for your planning.
Please note: the job ads listed on this page are not current and were sourced from a variety of websites in 2010.
You will recognise these attributes in the selection criteria listed in the following job ads