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Geologists work on classifying and describing the composition of the earth and use this information to advise on the location and extraction of minerals, on measures to manage the environment as well as on natural events such as erosion and volcanic hazards. Geologists spend their time both in the field and in laboratories. Employment opportunities are available with mining and resources companies, government land management bodies and private environmental consulting firms. Many geologists choose an area of specialisation and this dictates their employment. Such areas include:
- Hydrogeology - concerned with understanding water resources
- Palaeontology - the examination of fossils and rock
- Mathematical - the application of mathematical formulas and techniques to predict geological occurrences
Geologists are interested in studying the composition of the earth, they use this information to advise on mining and other forms of mineral extraction, to classify the environment and to provide recommendations on regeneration. Exploration geologists are particularly interested in surveying natural rock to determine its potential for mining and excavation. They are employed primarily by mining and other resource industries and utilise both data gathered in the field and advanced modelling software to make their recommendations.