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Physiologists are concerned with the body and how it functions. Their work is usually focused on cells at a microscopic level, examining the interactions and processes required for normal human and animal functioning. The results of their work are used in many applications such as the treatment of disease and the discovery of how different environmental factors impact the body. Employment opportunities exist in universities, private industry research laboratories, pathology labs and in the sports science sector - post-graduate specialisation is most often necessary required.
Exercise physiologists are concerned with the physiological reactions that the human body utilises and undergoes while performing physical activity. Professionals working in this field may analyse the different medical problems of clients and recommend specialises exercise programs which form part of their treatment. They also may work with well populations, providing advice on general health and wellbeing for those wishing to increase their fitness and on training for professional athletes who wish to improve their performance.
Exercise physiologists may specialise in a particular aspect of health such as heart disease or rehabilitation and may find work in commercial practice, in hospitals and other medical institutions and in gyms and other fitness-based facilities. This type of work combines knowledge from many different sciences including medicine and biology and it is for this reason that post-graduate qualifications are necessary for most types of work, particularly private practice which usually requires qualifications at a doctoral level.
This is a branch of science which is thought to continue experiencing rapid growth as obesity and other health issues gain prominence for individuals, governments and even in employee management in private industry.