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Journalists write and edit reports and articles for media publications. They are sometimes responsible for generating other types of documents such as press releases, for interviewing people and for representing data and research findings. Journalists write for many different types of audiences and in many different styles. They attend events, conduct research and observe trends and patterns. Some journalists are hired to report factually and others to write opinion-based pieces. Some professionals in this area become specialists in a particular field such as sport or finance while others may generalise and write about current issues or topics specified by their editors.
Journalists need to have excellent communication skills, good people skills and the ability to work under a deadline. This is a field in which entry is often at a low level and breaking into major publications can be difficult and competitive. Work experience is highly regarded and often useful in attaining a cadet or internship where graduates are often able to experience all departments and may find themselves reporting on a variety of different topics.
Broadcast Journalist announce news, sporting, weather and interest items on the radio and television. They need to have specific knowledge on the items they are announcing, a good command of language, speak clearly, have good communication, research and interview skills, be well groomed, have technical proficiency in video and audio recording and editing, initiative to go after a story and work well under pressure. Positions are competitive to acquire and are more available in country areas with movement being more attainable once you are part of the industry
Cadet Journalist needs to have completed tertiary journalism studies, and have the ability to write in both news and features format. This junior role involves learning on the job and is where a new journalist gains experience in different areas of journalism, and gradually takes on larger tasks as they develop competencies. As skills and experience increase, so will the chances of moving on to become a journalist.
Columnist is a journalist who writes in a series for publication, creating an article that usually offers commentary and opinions. Columns appear in newspapers, magazines and other publications, including blogs. As a columnist you will gather information and develop perspectives on particular subjects through having expertise with respect to the subject (qualifications or experience), conducting research and interviews, and attendance at functions such as political conventions, news meetings, sports events, and social activities. Most newspapers and magazines prefer someone with a bachelor's degree in communications or journalism, but education isn't always as important as an ability to analyse topics and write well.
Feature Writer - is usually an experienced journalist who writes detailed stories and commentaries on a range of topics including current affairs, social events, specialty areas like sport, finance, travel, or particular industries. Feature articles are written for a variety of media including newspaper, magazine, web, and social networking media. The ability to write engaging and compelling stories as well as an ability to research across a range of topics is essential.
Foreign Correspondent is a journalist who works overseas creating news reports and special interest stories for publication in their home country’s media. This is a career which obviously involves a large amount of travel and independent work; professionals in this field need to be skilled journalists with dedication who can use their initiative to develop contacts and sources and conduct investigative research in a foreign country.
Foreign correspondent roles are highly sought after and extremely competitive. As well as holding a relevant undergraduate degree, fluency in at lease two languages in usually necessary as is extensive journalistic experience and often a post-graduate qualification. Employment opportunities exist with newspapers, television stations and other types of news media as well as with specialist news agencies, though some foreign correspondents also work freelance selling their work to a variety of different outlets. Specialised expertise in a certain geographical region, political movement, religion or world issue may also influence job opportunities.